The main difference between 1080i and 1080p is that 1080i refers to 1080 vertical resolution with interlaced scan while 1080p refers to 1080 vertical resolution with progressive scan.
High Definition Television (HDTV) and high definition video use various abbreviations to indicate their scan type. The symbols ‘i’ and ‘p’ are two of them. They describe how an image is displayed. In 1080i and 1080p, the number 1080 refers to the number of horizontal lines on the screen. Both have the same pixel resolution, which is 1920 x 1080. Their difference is in the way they handle the scanning process.
Key Areas Covered
Key Terms: 1080i, 1080p, Resolution
What is 1080i
In 1080i, 1080 express the number of horizontal lines on the screen while the ‘i’ denotes interlaced scan. In interlaced scanning, the image is displayed by illuminating odd and even pixel rows in an alternating approach. This process happens extremely quickly.
1080i video is interlaced. It plays 60 frames per second and but broadcasts at 30 frames per second. Thus, it can cause a fast moving scene to blur. 1080i has some issues. There can be problems in scaling and rotating the video as well. It can also cause issues when making a video in slow motion or fast motion. Furthermore, rewinding the video can also cause issues.
What is 1080p
In 1080p, 1080 express the number of horizontal lines on the screen, while the ‘p’ denotes progressive scan. It scans each row of pixels in a progressive manner. It refreshes every row on the screen 60 times per second. Furthermore, it is based on frames. Therefore, the frame rate is expressed in frames per second. Usually, it is difficult to identify the difference between 1080p and 1080i for the average eyesight in smaller screens. However, the difference is more visible in large TVs.
Overall,1080p produce superficial images compared to 1080i. The 1080p images are more clear and sharper. It is easier to watch fast-moving scenes. Blu-Ray disc and game consoles are some examples that use 1080p.
Difference Between 1080i and 1080p
1080i: An abbreviation for 1080 horizontal lines of vertical resolution and interleaved scan type used in HDTV and High definition video
1080p: An abbreviation for 1080 horizontal lines of vertical resolution and progressive scan type used in HDTV and high definition video
Fast Moving Action
1080i: Appear to blur more during action scene and sports
1080p: Comparatively sharper, so it is easier to watch fast moving actions
1080i: Interleaved Scan
1080p: Progressive Scan
1080i: Terrestrial TV
1080p: Blu-ray discs, game consoles
The difference between 1080i and 1080p is that 1080i refers to 1080 vertical resolution with interlaced scan while 1080p refers to 1080 vertical resolution with progressive scan. Both appear identical on smaller TV screens. However, it is easy to identify the difference on large screens. Overall, 1080p is better than 1080i.