Difference Between Pomeranian and Chihuahua

Pomeranian and Chihuahua are two small breeds with a height less than 11 inches. Both breeds are very popular companion dogs and sometimes serve as watchdogs. These two adorable dog breeds are well known for their active and alert behavior. The main difference between Pomeranian and Chihuahua is that Pomeranian has a fluffy outer coat and Chihuahua has either smooth or longhaired coat. There are other several physical features that can be used to identify the difference between Pomeranian and Chihuahua.

Key Areas Covered

1. Pomeranian
      – Facts, Features, Characteristics, and Behavior
2.Chihuahua
      -Facts, Features, Characteristics, and Behavior
3. Difference Between Pomeranian and Chihuahua
       – Comparison of Key DifferencesDifference Between Pomeranian and Chihuahua - Comparison Summary

Pomeranian – Facts, Features, Characteristics, and Behavior

Pomeranians originated from sled dogs in Iceland and Lapland. They were later developed from much larger dog breeds in Pomerania and Germany that are similar to modern Klein German Spitz. In the mid-1800s, when Queen Victoria brought this dog to the England, the dog breed became very popular in Great Britain. Early Pomeranians were bigger and heavier boned. But this dog breed became much smaller later and they now weigh between 1.5-3 kgs. Height at withers is around 9-11 inches. The head is round-shaped with a short muzzle and dark, bright, almond-shaped eyes. The ears are small and erect. The tail is curled and set parallel to its back. The double coat consists of a soft, dense undercoat and a long, straight outer coat. The coat comes in various colors and color combinations including red, orange, cream, black, brown, brindle and parti-color. The limbs are short and straight with compact tiny feet.

Difference Between Pomeranian and Chihuahua

Their lifespan is about 15 years. This dog breed is very active, intelligent, alert, and curious. They are known as good alarm barkers or watchdogs. Although they are small, Pomeranians need daily exercises. House training would be a challenge, but with close supervision and patience, it can be achieved. These dogs are often used in various dog activities like therapy dog work and obedience competitions. They are a great pet, especially for elderly people. They may be too fragile for very small children. Grooming is difficult and must be done very frequently.

Chihuahua – Facts, Features, Characteristics, and Behavior

The history of Chihuahua has been debated as certain people believe that the breed was originally bred in China before introducing to Americas. Some people believe that this dog breed was native to Central America as it descended from the Techichi, a small dog lived in the 9th century. A similar dog breed has been found in the Cholula pyramids, which dates back before the 1500s. Despite their debatable origin, Chihuahua has become a very popular dog breed in America, Europe, and Mediterranean regions.

This breed is a very small dog breed with the weight that never exceeds 2.5 kgs. Height at withers is between 6-9 inches. There are two types of Chihuahua based on their coat texture. One type has a long, soft, flat or somewhat wavy coat, and the other type has short, smooth, glossy coat. Both varieties may possess an undercoat. Coats come in black and tan, red, fawn, tricolored, sable and brindle. The head is round and the eyes are quite protruding. The ears are large and erect. The curved tail loops over the back.

Main Difference -  Pomeranian vs  Chihuahua

These dogs are very active and need regular exercises. Grooming is easy. Usually, Chihuahua is very loyal to its owner, although it accepts other family members. Therefore, early socialization is a must. Chihuahuas are not suitable for very small kids as they can be fragile.

Difference Between Pomeranian and Chihuahua

Origin

Pomeranian: Pomeranians originated from sled dogs in Iceland and Lapland.

Chihuahua: The origin of Chihuahua is not exactly known.

Coat Texture

Pomeranian: They have a fluffy double coat consisting of a soft, dense undercoat and a long, straight outer coat.

Chihuahua: Chihuahua can have two coat types: smooth and longhaired.

Skull

Pomeranian: Pomeranians have a mildly domed skull.

Chihuahua: Chihuahua have a domed skull.

Ears

Pomeranian: Pomeranians have small and pricked ears.

Chihuahua: Chihuahuas have large and rectangular ears.

Height at Withers

Pomeranian: The height at withers is 9-11 inches.

Chihuahua: The height at withers is 6-9 inches.

Weight

Pomeranian: Pomenarians weigh about 1.5-3 kgs.

Chihuahua: Chihuahua weigh less than 2.5 kgs.

Coat Colors

Pomeranian: Pomeranians have red, orange, cream, black, brown, brindle and parti-colored coats.

Chihuahua: Chihuahuas have black and tan, red, fawn, tricolored, sable and/or brindle coats.

Longevity

Pomeranian: Pomeranians live about 15 years.

Chihuahua: Chihuahuas live about 12-14 years.

Grooming

Pomeranian: Grooming is difficult.

Chihuahua: Grooming is easy.

Conclusion

Pomeranian and Chihuahua are very popular dog breeds with small bodies. They are alert, active and loyal companions. The fluffy outer coat, mildly domed skull and small ears, are recognizable in Pomeranians when compared with Chihuahuas. Chihuahuas have a domed skull with large, rectangular ears and the coat is either longhaired or smooth. This is the difference between Pomeranian and Chihuahua.

References:

1. Bell, J., Cavanagh, K., Tilley, L., & Smith, F. W. (2012). Veterinary medical guide to dog and cat breeds. CRC Press.
2. Palika, L. (2007). The Howell book of dogs: the definitive reference to 300 breeds and varieties. John Wiley & Sons.

Image Courtesy:

1. “Standard razza chihuahua” By Caterinarufo – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia
2. “Pomeranian dog standing” By willc2 – Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia

About the Author: Yashoda

Yashoda has been a freelance writer in the field of biology for about four years. He is an expert in conducting research related to polymer chemistry and nano-technology. He holds a B.Sc. (Hons) degree in Applied Science and a Master of Science degree in Industrial Chemistry.

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