History is the study of the past, especially as it is described by written records. The events that occurred before writing was discovered is studied under prehistory. Although history is studied through written documents, it is open to ongoing and changing interpretations. There are several reasons for this. In this article we will see why is history open to ongoing and changing interpretations.
Why is History Open to Ongoing and Changing Interpretations
Firstly, it is important to know that writing used to be a privileged skill, patronised by the nobility or royalty and there is a good possibility that information in these records may be biased. Many historical documents do describe the greatness and glory of kings, emperors and deities. In addition, the writer may be influenced by feelings such as patriotism and nationalism. For example, suppose there is a written document about a battle between two countries X and Y. The records of X may indicate that country Y tried to invade their territory whereas records of Y may indicate that X was trying to invade their territory. The records of the two countries are contrary and are probably biased towards their own countries.
2. New Information
Interpretation of history may also change with the discovery of new information or new methods of analysis. Historians or archaeologists may find new sources or evidence that change our knowledge on some historical events. For example, an old stone pillar with inscriptions discovered at an archaeological site may shed new light on the whole civilisation. This new information can persuade historians to reevaluate or rewrite the historical record.
3. New Technology
The advancement of technology is another reason for the new interpretations of history. This has enabled the historians to use new technological methods to uncover information about the existing sources.
4. Changes in Perception
Change in our values and perceptions can also lead to new interpretations of history. For example, hundred years ago, slavery may not have been viewed as immoral, but today these perceptions have changed. Thus, the way we interpret the history also changes with our perceptions.
History is always open to ongoing and changing interpretations. New sources of information, new technological methods, bias and changes in values and perceptions can be responsible for these changes.
“Schlacht von Azincourt” By Chroniques d’Enguerrand de Monstrelet (early 15th century) – Antoine Leduc, Sylvie Leluc et Olivier Renaudeau (dir.), D’Azincourt à Marignan. Chevaliers et bombardes, 1515-1515, Paris, Gallimard / Musée de l’armée, 2015, p. 18-19, ISBN 978-2-07-014949-0 (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia