The main difference between research and project is that research is the systematic investigation and study of materials and sources to establish facts and reach new conclusions, while a project is a specific and finite activity that gives a measurable and observable result under preset requirements.
Both research and projects use a systematic approach. We also sometimes use the term research project to refer to research studies.
Key Areas Covered
What is Research
Research is a careful study a researcher conducts using a systematic approach and scientific methods. A research study typically involves several components: abstract, introduction, literature review, research design, and method, results and analysis, conclusion, bibliography. Researchers usually begin a formal research study with a hypothesis; then, they test this hypothesis rigorously. They also explore and analyze the literature already available on their research subject. This allows them to study the research subject from multiple perspectives, acknowledging different problems that need to be solved.
There are different types of research, the main two categories being quantitative research and qualitative research. Depending on their research method and design, we can also categorize research as descriptive research, exploratory research, longitudinal research, cross-sectional research, etc.
Furthermore, research should always be objective or unbiased. Moreover, if the research involves participants, for example, in surveys or interviews, the researcher should always make sure to obtain their written consent first.
What is a Project
A project is a collaborative or individual enterprise that is carefully planned to achieve a particular aim. We can also describe it as a specific and finite activity that gives a measurable and observable result under preset requirements. This result can be tangible or intangible; for example, product, service, competitive advantage, etc. A project generally involves a series of connected tasks planned for execution over a fixed period of time and within certain limitations like quality and cost. The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) defines a project as a “temporary endeavor with a beginning and an end, and it must be used to create a unique product, service or result.”
There are several key characteristics of a project. First of all, a project is a temporary undertaking – it has a set start and finish. It starts when the concept is developed and the project is initiated, whereas the end is reached when all the objectives of the project are met. Moreover, a project always has unique deliverables. This can be a product, service, etc. Another major characteristic of a project is its progressive elaboration. As a project progresses, continuous investigation and improvement become available, allowing producing more accurate and comprehensive plans.
Difference Between Research and Project
Research is a careful study conducted using a systematic approach and scientific methods, whereas a project is a collaborative or individual enterprise that is carefully planned to achieve a particular aim.
Research studies are mainly carried out in academia, while projects can be seen in a variety of contexts, including businesses.
The main aim of the research is to seek or revise facts, theories, or principles, while the main aim of a project is to achieve a tangible or intangible result; for example, product, service, competitive advantage, etc.
The main difference between research and project is that research is the systematic investigation and study of materials and sources to establish facts and reach new conclusions, while the project is a specific and finite activity that gives a measurable and observable result under preset requirements.
1. “What Is a Project? – Definition, Lifecycle and Key Characteristics.” Your Guide to Project Management Best Practices.