The main difference between undo and redo in Oracle is that undo helps in rollback and maintaining read consistency while redo helps in rolling forward database changes.
Oracle RDBMS is a proprietary multi-model database management system that belongs to Oracle Corporation. Overall, undo and redo are records available in Oracle RDBMS. Undo is a record of a transaction before it is committed. On the other hand, redo is an entry in redo log files that holds a group of change vectors.
Key Areas Covered
Oracle, RDBMS, Redo, Undo
What is Undo in Oracle
Oracle database creates and manages information that is used to roll back. Here, this information refers to the records on transactions before they are committed. These records are also called undo.
Undo tablespace is a specific tablespace that only stores undo information. Therefore, it is not possible to create any tables/indexes etc. to undo tablespaces. Each database contains zero or more undo tablespaces. In Oracle, there is an automatic undo management mode. Every Oracle instance is assigned with a single undo tablespace. These undo tablespaces manage to undo data using undo segments.
Generally, undo records support multiple tasks. These help to roll back transactions and to recover the database. It is also possible to analyze data of an earlier point in time by using the Oracle Flashback query. Furthermore, there is a possibility of recovering from logical corruptions using Oracle flashback features.
When issuing a ROLLBACK statement, undo records help to undo changes made to the database by the uncommitted transaction. At the time of recovering the database, the undo records allows undoing any uncommitted changes applied to form the redo log to the datafiles. Furthermore, undo records provide read consistency.
What is Redo in Oracle
Oracle provides redo logs. These logs contain files with a history of all changes made to the database. Each redo log file has a set of redo records or redo entries. A redo record stores a set of change vectors which denotes a change made to a single block in the database. These files protect the database from system failures due to disk failures etc. Furthermore, it is important to multiplex the redo log files to avoid information loss during a disk failure.
Difference Between Undo and Redo in Oracle
Undo is a record of a transaction before it is committed in Oracle RDBMS. In contrast, an entry in redo log files that holds a group of change vectors in Oracle RDBMS.
Moreover, undo segments store undo records while redo log files save redo records.
We use Undo for rollback and read consistency and redo for rolling forward database changes.
Furthermore, undo protects against inconsistent reads in multiuser systems whole redo protect against data loss.
Oracle RDBMS is a product of Oracle Cooperation. Many organizations use it to store their business transactions. In brief, undo and redo are available in Oracle databases. The main difference between undo and redo in Oracle is that undo helps in rollback and to maintain read consistency while redo helps in rolling forward database changes.
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