The main difference between regressive and progressive staining is that regressive staining is concentrated, whereas progressive staining is less concentrated.
Regressive and progressive staining are two H&E staining (Hematoxylin and eosin staining) methods used in histology. H&E stain is a gold standard staining method used in microscopic anatomy for medical diagnosis. They differentiate tissue components, allowing easy observation under the microscope.
Key Areas Covered
1. What is Regressive Staining
– Definition, Facts, Features
2. What is Progressive Staining
– Definition, Facts, Features
3. Similarities Between Regressive and Progressive Staining
– Outline of Common Features
4. Difference Between Regressive and Progressive Staining
– Comparison of Key Differences
5. FAQ: Regressive and Progressive Staining
– Answers to frequently asked questions
Progressive Staining, Regressive Staining
What is Regressive Staining
Regressive staining is a type of H&E stain that involves the addition of hematoxylin. However, it is followed by a differentiator that removes excess dye. The lack of a differentiation step results in the background staining. Still, the important feature of regressive staining is that it allows the staining of noncellular material such as mucin. Regressive staining can be done by adding hematoxylin in 30-second increments or adding eosin in 15-second increments. The penetration of eosin occurs faster than hematoxylin.
Furthermore, regressive staining is important for the detailed viewing of cellular and tissue structure.
What is Progressive Staining
Progressive staining is another type of H&E stain that does not require differentiation. But, it is a slower staining process. It takes time for staining. As with regressive staining, here too, hematoxylin is the stain added for staining. However, as there is no differentiation step in the progressive staining, it produces a background staining. Charged or treated slides especially produce background staining.
Nevertheless, some pathologists prefer progressive staining because it does not stain noncellular components such as mucin. Moreover, the extracellular staining is an indicator of a well-differentiated tumor.
Similarities Between Regressive and Progressive Staining
- Regressive and progressive staining are two H&E staining methods.
- They are important for the differential staining of cellular components.
- Hematoxylin is the type of stain used in both regressive and progressive staining.
Difference Between Regressive and Progressive Staining
Regressive staining refers to the type of staining in which the tissue is deliberately over-stained and then de-stained (differentiated) until the proper endpoint is reached. In contrast, progressive staining refers to the type of staining in which the hematoxylin is added to the tissue without being followed by a differentiator to remove excess dye.
Concentration of the Stain
Regressive staining is concentrated, while progressive staining is less concentrated.
Regressive staining contains a differentiation step, while regressive staining does not contain a differentiation step.
Regressive staining does not produce background staining, while regressive staining produces background staining.
Staining of Noncellular Components
Regressive staining stains noncellular components, while progressive staining does not stain noncellular components.
Regressive staining is a fast process, while progressive staining is a slow process.
Use of Eosin
Regressive staining uses eosin to stain noncellular materials, while progressive staining does not use eosin.
FAQ: Regressive and Progressive Staining
Which of the following stains is used as regressive and progressive stains?
Mayer’s hematoxylin is an alum hematoxylin commonly used in regressive and progressive staining. In the regressive staining, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) are the two stains used. Hematoxylin is used in high concentrations. Eosin is the differentiator that is important for the cytoplasmic, nuclear, and extracellular matrix. Only hematoxylin is used in progressive staining.
What are the three classifications of stains?
Acidic, basic, and neutral stains are the three types of stains. They are classified according to the pH of the chromophore. Anionic chromophores occur in acidic stains. They combine with cytoplasmic components, such as the nucleus, that are basic. Also, cationic chromophores occur in basic stains. However, neutral dyes have both acidic and basic components.
What are the two main types of staining methods?
Gram staining and endospore staining are two methods of staining. Gram staining allows the identification of bacteria according to the cell wall composition. Also, endospore staining stains endospores present in bacteria.
In brief, regressive and progressive staining are two methods of H&E staining. They are important in differentiating cellular components. Regressive staining is concentrated and needs de-staining to reach the proper endpoint. In comparison, progressive staining is less concentrated, and therefore, it does not require de-staining. Hence, the main difference between regressive and progressive staining is the concentration of the staining.
- Sampias, C., & Rolls, G. (n.d.). H&E staining overview: A guide to best practices. An Intro to H&E Staining: Protocol, Best Practices, Steps & More.
- “Annotated ano-rectal junction, H&E stained” By Mikael Häggström – Own Work (CC-BY SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia
- “Histopathology of progressive atherosclerotic lesion with fibrous cap and necrotic core” By Jamie Chapman – Own Work (CC-BY 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia