The main difference between server and storage is that the server is a hardware device or a program that provides services to the client machines in the network according to their requests while the storage is a component in the computing device that stores data for long-term accessing.
A server provides various services to multiple clients. They store and manage data, allows sharing resources, perform computation and many more. There are powerful servers running in data centres for efficient and reliable communication. However, storage refers to secondary memory that stores data permanently. It allows the processor or the CPU to transfer its data to the memory (RAM) for short-term data access.
Key Areas Covered
RAM, Server, Secondary Memory, Storage
What is a Server
A server is software or a hardware device that provides services to other devices in the network. The other devices are also known as clients or hosts. Clients obtain services from the server. A single server can provide services to multiple clients at the same time. Server and client can be in the same device or the server can be a separate physical device. Moreover, there can also be multiple servers in a single machine, serving different clients. When the server receives a request, it responds back to the client with the requested service.
There are various types of servers such as file servers, database servers, mail servers, and, application servers. The file servers provide files to the client machines. The web servers provide web pages. Database servers run Database Management Systems (DBMS) to create and manage database. Mail servers send and receive emails using the standard email protocol. Application servers provide facilities to create web applications and a server environment to run time. Those are some common examples for servers.
What is Storage
In a computer, the data can be stored in memory or storage. Memory is the component that stores data for a short term. Memory refers to the Random Access Memory (RAM). It is a volatile memory, so the data is held temporarily. The data will be erased when the device loses power.
Storage refers to a component in the computer that allows long-term data accessing. The hard disk and Solid State Drive (SSD) are storage components. The data in the storage is permanent, and it is a nonvolatile memory. Powering off the device will not affect the data in storage. Even though the user shuts off the computer multiple times, the data remains as it is. Therefore, storage provides long-term data accessing.
Difference Between Server and Storage
A server is a program or a hardware device that provides services to other devices in the network. Storage is a physical device on a computer that is capable of storing data permanently.
A server provides data, allows resource sharing and provides other services to the client machines in the network. They also allow managing databases, providing files and web pages and so on depending on their type. On the other hand, storage is used to store and access data, files and applications. Therefore, the functionlity is a major difference between server and storage.
The difference between server and storage is that the server is a hardware device or a program that provides services to the client machines in the network according to their requests while the storage is a component in the computing device that stores data for long-term accessing.