The main difference between quoting and paraphrasing is that quoting refers to the extraction of more than four words directly from the original source without changing the word order, while paraphrasing refers to describing or conveying the information in the original source in your own words.
Generally, when we quote something, we place the quotation inside quotation marks. Furthermore, the original source or the author of that particular quotation is usually mentioned directly as an in-text citation. When it comes to paraphrasing, we do not use quotation marks; however, they do come with citations.
Key Areas Covered
1. What is Quoting
– Definition, Features
2. What is Paraphrasing
– Definition, Features, Examples
3. Similarities – Quoting and Paraphrasing
– Outline of Common Features
4. Difference Between Quoting and Paraphrasing
– Comparison of Key Differences
Citation, Quoting, Paraphrasing
What is Quoting
Quoting is a way of extracting phrases, sentences, or even passages directly from the original reading and incorporating them into your own work. However, whenever you are quoting directly from another writer, it is necessary to provide a reference in order to avoid plagiarism. Generally, it is necessary to put the quote in between quotation marks in order to depict where the quote starts and ends.
Generally, a short quote that contains not more than 30 words comes in between inverted commas. For instance,
Patients who prayed had “less congestive heart failure, required less diuretic and antibiotic therapy, had fewer episodes of pneumonia, had fewer cardiac arrests and were less frequently intubated and ventilated” (Byrd, 1988, p. 829).
On the other hand, longer quotes that have more than 30 words have to be indented from your individual writing. Longer quotations can be single or double-spaced. Moreover, we do not write them inside quotation marks, unlike short quotes. However, it is necessary to add the parenthetical citation after the longer quote’s punctuation.
What is Paraphrasing
Paraphrasing is another way to include the information from an original source in your answer. Here, you have to present the original source ideas in your own words. Furthermore, you have to acknowledge the original source and the author when you paraphrase. Describing the information from the original source in your own words enables you to demonstrate your comprehension of the work and your capacity to convey that information.
In order to paraphrase a text, first, you need to go through the original text thoroughly until you comprehend it well. As the next step, you have to note down all the required concepts and ideas that the original author discusses inside his or her work. Then you have to put aside the original text and write down your version of the selected ideas without looking at the original text. Finally, it is necessary to go through the paraphrased text in order to make the required adjustments. The words should be edited to ensure that they communicate the required point in an academic manner without disturbing the flow of the rest of your work. Most importantly, you should not forget to include citations.
Similarities Between Quoting and Paraphrasing
- Quoting and paraphrasing both refer to methods of obtaining and incorporating the original source information into your own work.
- Whatever the mode we use, whether it’s paraphrasing or quoting, we always need to include the citations, which lead the reader to the original source and the author.
Difference Between Quoting and Paraphrasing
Quoting refers to the extraction of more than four words directly from the original source without changing the word order, while paraphrasing refers to describing or conveying the information in the original source in your own words.
In quoting, you use the words of another writer, but in paraphrasing, you use your own words to describe what someone else has written.
Usually, a short quote comes inside quotation marks, whereas a paraphrase does not.
The main difference between quoting and paraphrasing is that a quote is usually identical to its original source and matches the source text word to word, while paraphrasing includes producing a source idea or a material in your own words. However, whether it is paraphrasing or quoting, you have to attribute to the original source and credit the original author in order to avoid plagiarism.
1. “APA Citation Guide: (Previous/6th Edition): In-Text Citations.” LibGuides.
2. Trach, Elizabeth. “Examples of Paraphrasing without Plagiarizing.” Examples – Your Dictionary.
1. “Quotation: We do not inherit the land from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children.” By Ken Whytock (CC BY-NC 2.0) via Flickr
2. “Notebook, writing, watch, work, hand, finger, close up, brand, design” (CC0) via Pxhere